Aside from concerns that "security"-related measures may be protectionism in disguise, the 2008 Farm Bill which has been much derided here [1, 2] and elsewhere also serves as fodder for EU criticism. Nevermind that the EU maintains pretty hefty subsidies itself, but maybe it's the spirit of the legislation that counts:
The European Union used the opportunity of a two-day WTO review of
UStrade policy to raise concerns about rising levels of protectionism in . The EU submitted more than 90 detailed technical questions to the America about its trade policy during the meeting. United States
In its opening statement to the ninth WTO Trade Policy Review of the
United Statesin Genevaon June 9, the EU expressed its concern at worrying signs of a re-emergence of protectionist sentiment in the . The increasingly restrictive import requirements imposed by the United States USfor security purposes – new legislation requiring the 100% scanning of containers destined for the USwas an example - and the lack of reform in the 2008 US Farm Bill raised doubts about the compliance and professed intent of some aspects of trade policy with the WTO. US
In questions to the
, the European Union also raised the use of fisheries subsidies, intellectual property rights enforcement, sanitary measures for food products, RTA [Regional Trade Agreements] policy and constraints on investment in services sectors. US
The EU believes that the "trade policy review" mechanism plays an important role by ensuring that WTO members review each others' openness to trade and raise concerns about market barriers and compliance with WTO rules and procedures.
The expiration of the 2002 Farm Bill presented a significant opportunity for the
United States, and for the wider WTO membership, to secure a more reformed-oriented agricultural policy. Unfortunately, this opportunity has been missed, and the recently enacted 2008 Farm Bill has followed the same trade-distorting direction as its predecessor. US
Some preliminary analysis reveal that the new provisions have even aggravated the trade-distorting character of the former Farm Bill, in particular, in a number of sectors such as cereals, cotton, sugar and dairy products.
Today, we would like to learn further on the intended objectives and foreseen consequences on world trade of the enactment of the 2008 Farm Bill, and the grounds on which the
justifies it. We wonder what signal the US is giving to us all with such retrograde Farm Bill [their language--not mine!]. US